As a name would not suffice to express the horror that spreads this disease, the Parvovirose is known under several names: as a cat disease, feline or Katzenstaupe, and Feline panleukopenia.
But whatever you call it, cat disease is still responsible for thousands of deaths, especially in young, unvaccinated cats.
The disease is caused by a virus called parvovirus (parvus) due to its minuteness. The Parvovirus primarily damages the intestinal mucosa and thus leads to severe diarrhea, which within a few days and hours can lead to a life-threatening dehydration of the organism. In addition, the Parvovirose pathogen migrates into a variety of organs and tissues. It has a devastating effect in the bone marrow and the so-called lymphatic tissues. These are the nurseries of white blood cells (leukocytes), the cells that are responsible for the body’s own defense. The parvovirus destroys these immune cells, and there is the eponymous panleukopenia: an absolute lack of endogenous defense cells in the blood.
This in turn means that the organism is now vulnerable to other pathogens. It can easily come to so-called secondary infections. Even if a cat survives the actual parvovirus infection, its survival may still be endangered by other germs that exploit the body’s vulnerability. Diseased animals must first of all be treated symptomatically. In the first place here is the supply of liquid and mineral salts to prevent dehydration and to support the circulation. This is done most effectively via an infusion. Weakened animals should also be artificially fed via the infusion. In very severe cases, if possible, blood plasma should be replaced or a blood transfusion performed.
The virus survives almost everything
In addition, the animals must be protected against bacterial infections with a broad-spectrum antibiotic. There are no drugs available today against the virus itself. However, there is an anti-parvovirus serum that can help fight the virus. In some cases, the use of interferon has also proved helpful. In the recovery phase of the disease is an easily digestible and vitamin and energy-rich diet is recommended. The veterinarian may use a vitamin B supplement to aid recovery. The animals should be kept as warm and protected as possible. The parvovirus is excreted by diseased animals or cats, which do not become ill but carry the virus, with all body fluids and especially the feces. Other Cats Indicator: Do your cat a treat then take the highly contagious parvovirus mostly through the mouth – z. For example, eating, drinking, taking care of one another or examining their people’s shoes after they were out. Sick cats should be kept in quarantine and under strict hygiene measures. This also means, for example, that hands, clothing and all utensils that might have come into contact with parvoviruses should be carefully cleaned and disinfected when one was with diseased animals. Important: Only very strong disinfectants, such as. As sodium hypochlorite, NaOH or formaldehyde, can kill the virus. It is therefore best to destroy items that do not cost much, as parvoviruses survive under suitable conditions for more than a year in blankets, rugs, eating utensils, shoes and so on.
Also vaccinate apartment cats
Freezing is just as harmless as most disinfectants. Yes, even in professional disinfected rooms, virus infections have been reported in the past, and the European Advisory Board on Cat Diseases (ABCD) recommends that in July 2006, only fully immunized cats be used in their Parvovirosis Control Guidelines Households in which there has been an outbreak of parvovirosis before. Since the parvovirus can “enter” via the clothing and shoes in apartments, even pure cats must be regularly and carefully vaccinated against parvoviruses. For basic immunization, at least two vaccinations at a maximum of four weeks apart and a vaccination the following year are the minimum. In young cats, in which maternal antibodies could still circulate in the blood or who live under particularly risky circumstances, even three to four vaccinations at a maximum of four weeks apart are recommended. Even with young animals, the rejuvenation vaccine is one year after the primary vaccination. After the Grundim In addition, the intervals between further rejuvenation vaccines are based on the vaccine used and the circumstances of the cat. Indicator: Make your cat happy .
In the first hours of life .
The kittens take on maternal antibodies with a special milk called colostrum. These antibodies protect babies from parvovirus infection when the mother is vaccinated. As the kitten get older, the maternal antibodies lose their protective effect, but still interfere with the formation of their own antibodies through the vaccine. This dangerous phase, in which the maternal infection protection diminishes, but the production of its own protective substances does not work yet, is called an immunological gap. It occurs individually very differently between the 6th and 12th week of life.
Why vaccinations can fail
Vaccine breakthroughs, d. H. Cases of illness despite vaccination, are always possible – even if the vaccination was carried out professionally and carefully and the vaccine is completely in order. Because a 100% vaccine protection does not exist. Vaccines are very strictly controlled in Germany. Before a vaccine is launched, not only its efficacy but also its safety are carefully reviewed. However, if there is a suspicion that a vaccine does not work or does not work well or has side effects, the veterinarian should report this suspicion to the responsible authorities (Paul Ehrlich Institute). More often, inoculations are ineffective because the immune system of the vaccine does not respond as desired: In juveniles often still circulate maternal antibodies in the blood, which prevent the formation of the body’s own antibodies (immunological gap). Even a damaged or overloaded immune system does not form antibodies after vaccination – therefore, only fully healthy, well-fed and possibly parasite-free animals may be vaccinated. In addition to diseases, certain medications and prolonged stress levels suppress the immune system. In addition, there are hereditary or in the womb resulting immune deficiencies that can prevent the effects of vaccination. Very important for effective vaccination protection are a thorough primary immunization and regular refresher syringes. The vaccination scheme for primary vaccination and the refresher syringes are based on the age of the animal, its endangerment and the vaccine used. Your vet advises you on the best vaccination schedule for your cat.